Life gets even more difficult when a brutal winter arrives, and his mother falls ill with the flu. Aunt Hager is the family matriarch. The story is poetic and lyrical.
Yet despite their somewhat antagonistic relationship, Sandy and Aunt Hagar share a deep bond of affection and protective loyalty. She remembers being a slave as a little girl, but her general attitude towards white society is that oppressed is to be endured with love for the neighbor and prayer and forgiveness for the oppressor.
As fall arrives, Sandy begins fifth grade, where he is forced to sit in the back row away from the white children. Hager whips her with switches when she arrives home the next morning. Although Sandy has always dreamed of traveling to the city, the dirty reality of the city and his monotonous work as an elevator attendant convince him that he has to continue his education, although he is not sure how to do so without money.
She discourages Sandy from getting in trouble and keeps him in high school. Sandy is precocious and quickly gains insight from these observations. Sandy is obedient to her program for self-improvement until he falls in love.
He has trouble fitting in to her genteel social environment. Sandy is observant and insightful. Against the mocking derision of his friends and the even disapproval of his mother, Sandy decides to start saving money toward his college education.
Sandy moves across town to live with his aristocratic, fair-skinned Aunt Tempy. Sandy saves up money to continue his education, but Annjee wants him to keep his job as a bell-boy and make a living.
She requires him to stay in school well past the age when most young Black men would have dropped out to pursue higher-paying jobs in the city. Sandy shares his plans to attend college with his mother and Aunt Harriet. She has settled in Detroit and wishes her son to join her. She teaches him the proper ways of dress, dining, and speech.
Sandy remembers when his dad -- Jimbo -- worked in town and came home every single night. Now his dad travels from town to town working on farms, factories, and railroads across the midwest; and no one at home ever hears from him.
Sandy is a young boy when the story begins. His father, Jimboy, travels the country working odd jobs and rarely writing home. As Sandy grows into a young man, Aunt Hagar enforces strict rules concerning religion, diet, and schooling.
These men and women seem filled with hope. Opinion about the main character: The narrative is quite optimistic, ending with an emphatic conviction of hope, and of better days ahead. Her strict and protective parenting style, combined with her religious fervor, cause Sandy to rebel strongly and frequently against his Aunt.
Although Annjee, Harriet, and Sandy are excited about his return, Hager is not since she considers him a lazy man who does little to support her daughter and grandson. Harriet in particular hates whites because of their racism.
She is a seriously religious Christian who tries to keep the family in church and well-behaved. The way he behaves toward his mother and aunts is quite gentle, sensitive, and wise. When Jimboy returns, however, he brings much needed laughter, the blues that he plays on the guitar, and popular dances of the day.
He is also disappointed when he comes home one day and discovers that his father has left without saying goodbye. An evening listening to adults and family talk about their experiences with racism gives Sandy food for thought.
Sandy Rogers misses his father. Even when he rebels, Sandy seeks to protect the often fragile egos of the women who support and raise him. Annjee saves up enough money to join Jimboy in Detroit and leaves Sandy behind with Hager, who takes advantage of the time to share stories of slavery and to teach Sandy that love, rather than bitterness, is the proper response to racism.
The family survives the cyclone, but the years that follow widen the fractures in the family until it shatters. They believe that their futures are pregnant with possibilities.
Aunt Hagar consoles Sandy, reassuring him that one day he will be reunited with both his mother and his father.SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature.
This page guide for “Not Without Laughter” by Langston Hughes includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis covering 30 chapters, as well as several more in-depth sections of expert-written literary analysis.
A Day without Laughter is a Day Wasted by Charlie Chaplin Words | 3 Pages “A day without laughter is a day wasted.” It was a simple but popular quote of Charlie Chaplin, one of the most famous actors as well as director and scriptwriter in the American Modernism Era.
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Choose from different sets of not without laughter flashcards on Quizlet. Not Without Laughter concentrates on the childhood and adolescent years of Sandy Rogers, a sensitive and highly intelligent black boy growing up in a small Kansas town. His grandmother, known to.
BookRags Literature Study Guide Not Without Laughter by Langston Hughes For the online version of BookRags' Not Without Laughter Literature Study Guide.Download