After having white clay rubbed on their skin to emphasize their purity, young twins are given a special meal of eggs and yams. It is a time for romance. Examples of some major festivals are Aboakyer Deer huntingwhich is celebrated by the people of Winneba, Bakatue Fish Harvestingand Fetu Afahye Harvest commemorating first contact with whites celebrated by the people of Cape Coast.
The kodjii are then rubbed with white clay ayilo and the white clothing covering them is also changed. The actual time for the August celebration is determined by the Chief Priests after they consult with the Lagoon Oracles.
Nightclubs close down and even the playing of drums in church is forbidden, because it is believed that the gods need silence in order to do their work, and too much noise might frighten the spirits of the departed. The first food the twins eat in the morning on this day is mashed yam and boiled eggs oto.
Thus, they created rituals to help ensure enough rain and sun in the spring and summer so crops would grow to fruition at harvest time, which was, in turn, duly celebrated. The first day of the Ga year is reckoned from the first Monday after the Saturday feast.
Omanye Aba "May the Gods bless what we are doing"; and those who stand will answer, " Hiao!
The Korle Lagoon is closed for fishing on the eighth week after the Ga-general Homowo: This will be done by order of the Ga Mantse or by the Dantu Priest himself for no assigned reason.
On this day alone people go to Akpade Gonno at Mkpono on the western slope of the hill, on which is situated Amankorobi, the burial place of the late Ga Mantse Tackie Tawia.
In addition to being served at the family feast, kpekpei is sprinkled by Ga priests around residential areas and cemeteries as a tribute to the dead ancestors and as a way of symbolically "nourishing" them. No one is to make or lay any claim against any person or persons till the celebration days of the Harvest Festival are over.
Through the festivals, the people remember their ancestors and ask for their protection. The case of Homowo The celebration of festivals has been one of the most attractive aspects of the Ghanaian culture.
Thousands of people accumulate in Ga cities. Their arrival is celebrated by the crowds of people who gather to welcome them home, and it marks the beginning of a period of peace and harmony during which debts are forgiven, arguments are forgotten, and petty differences are put aside.
Crying is heard from homes and streets all over the Ga State. August-September Symbols and Customs: Even though it is a Ga tradition, many other ethnic groups are welcomed to also join in the celebration. There is a sort of quarry near which women who died of child-birth were taken and left on the ground exposed to the elements on the order of or according to the rule of the Oyeadu Fetish.
The central celebration occurs when all of the Ga people who live outside the state return. On this day also good and intimate friends make gifts of pieces of firewood to their friends. Cocoatimber, and gold are the major sources of exchange with foreign countries.
Homowo is greatly celebrated in all the towns in the Ga state with celebrations climaxing in Gamashie. When the fishing is to be closed a long stick is first put on the ground and a palm-leaf fixed on it, and the Priest speaks thus to the spirit which is in the Korle Lagoon: This is normally done by traditional leaders and family heads.
Many cultures divided the year into two seasons, summer and winter, and marked these points of the year at or near the summer and winter solstices, during which light and warmth began to increase and decrease, respectively.
The fact that the Ga often apply red or ochre clay to their doorposts during Homowo to keep evil spirits away, just as the Jews sprinkled blood on their doorways to keep the Angel of Death from harming their firstborn sons, would seem to support this theory.
The festival starts in the month of may with the planting of crops before the rainy season starts. It is then closed for the ceremony of clearing the ground for Guinea Corn. In other parts of Africa there is the Festival of Yams.
Festivals are also held in order to purify the whole state so that people can enter the New Year with confidence and hope. Later that day, there is birthday celebration for all of the twins in Ga, which are treasured and viewed as being blessed people. This is because of their belief in life after death.
The celebration begins with the planting of maize, which will be used in preparing the food for the festival named Kpokpoi or Kpekple. Afterwards, the water is put on the floor and anyone who needs something will put some money coin into the water and paper under the bowl and bath with some of the water in the bowl and put his or her petitions before the gods.
Nobody is allowed to pass by on that road until the "Gofi" is taken away. The Akan also believe in hundreds of lesser deities known as abosom- who inhabit natural objects-and asuman-who inhabit man-made objects.
This is then mimicked by the head of each family. In this is found a sort of red swish, which the people used to bring to town both on this twelfth day and the preceding Thursday; water is put into it, and with this liquid the doors and gate fronts are plastered. Here, they perform some rites in his memory.
Vestiges of many of these ancient practices are thought to have survived in festivals still celebrated around seasonal themes.Homowo is a festival celebrated by the Ga people of Ghana. The festival starts in the month of May with the planting of crops before the rainy season starts. During the festival, they perform a dance called Kpanlogo.
The Ga people celebrate Homowo in the remembrance of the famine that once happened in their history in precolonial Ghana. Homowo is a harvest festival of thanks to the gods of the Ga (or Gan) people as well as the mark of the new year. Homowo means "starved gods," and the festival commemorates the good harvest the Ga were given in ancient times.
This harvest came after the famine they endured while traveling to their present home in Ghana. Apr 29, · The role of festivals in Ghana: The case of Homowo The celebration of festivals has been one of the most attractive aspects of the Ghanaian culture.
Colourful traditional festivals and durbars are held yearly in all parts of the country. The Ga People and Homowo Festival Daniel Tetteh Osabu-Kle Carleton University The Origin of the Ga People a role to play in the life of the community.
The differentiation of clans by name and membership suggests that the towns and villages were founded by previously independent. The Homowo Festival in Ghana; Ridiculing Hunger with Celebration. Figure 1:Ghana; Located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea and in between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo.
The Homowo Festival commences with a traditional Ghanaian procession in which people from local African and African-American assume the roles of kings, queens and followers of the royal family of each of Ghana's ethnic groups.Download